Evolution Of Police Vehicles
These days, police vehicles have highly advanced tracking systems, top of the line communication apparatus and the best safety measures a car can have. They are bullet proof, they are fast and they get the job done.
The Features of Police Cars
Police vehicles have four basic categories: a patrol car, a traffic car, a response car and an SUV (Sport Utility Vehicles). The difference between them concerns their function and what they are built for. The patrol car is one of the most commonly known, since it easily conveys police officers from one place to the other. They are also capable of responding to emergencies. Usually, police officers in this car cannot chase down run away suspects and have to radio in help of response cars. Because response cars are faster and fit with better specifications, they are more capable of tracking down and catching fleeing suspects. Often these suspects are on the run from traffic cars, which are designed for enforcing traffic laws and keep an eye on the other vehicles on the road. However, they are not able to chase suspects off the road or carry heavy duty equipment like police SUVs. All these cars have been designed to ensure efficiency, durability, speed and the capability to go through all sorts of terrains. Police vehicles have to go through a lot, so they have to have equipment which aids police officers in the field.
Some of the standard police car equipment include the following:
A two way radio - used for communication.
Equipment Consoles - capable of carrying two way radios, lights and sirens.
Evidence Gathering Equipment – video cameras on the dashboard and sound recorders which help in gathering evidence in and out of the police vehicle.
A Runlock System – this system allows the car to stay started without the key in the ignition.
SRD – SRD stands for a Speed Recognition Device, which policemen can use this to measure the speed of their vehicle.
ANPR – The Automatic Number Plate Recognition uses a camera to capture the number plates of passing vehicles.
GPS – is an excellent vehicle tracking system for police cars.
Evolution of Police Cars
The evolution of police cars over the years has improved greatly. The timeline below is indicative of the important events that took place when it came to police cars.
1899 - The very first police car was a wagon and run by electricity. As a result, it was very slow.
1920 - The NYPD created a fleet of Radio Motor Patrol vehicles.
1932 - Ford brought forth a Ford flathead V-8 in its Model B.
1940s - Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler created police cars with the best equipment.
1969 - Chrysler held their top position until the energy crisis turned consumers to buy small cars.
1970s – The Ford LTD and Chevrolet Caprice were standard model.
1996 - The Chevrolet Caprice was terminated.
2011 – The Crown Victoria was discontinued.
Thus, police cars have evolved over the years and come a long way.