Theories Of Crime Causation

Main theories of crime causation can be stated as strain theory, social learning and control theories. To begin with strain theory, some individuals are more capable to control their anger than others. When someone gets angry about something he might be influenced to commit in crime. He believes that by acting that way he will be able to defeat his anger or strain. Below there are some examples:

  • Someone might end up to stealing because he has no money or might have huge financial issues
  • Someone who is or was abused physically and psychological he might act violent towards other people in order to overcome this
  • Someone who is addicted to drugs turns up to crime in order to maintain his drugs dose
  • Or someone might pursue revenge through crime

According to social learning theory, people become violent through their association with others. They are influenced by other people to do so. For example, someone with serious financial problems might be influenced from another person so that he will end up with a lot of money. An individual watching someone else acting violent might end up to turn to crime in order to be rewarded. They believe that other people will respect them. Also, family environment plays an important role. Someone who comes from a violent family environment is more likely to use violence against others.

On the other hand, control theorists have reverse opinion about this. They believe that people commit to crime because they want to achieve what they want with the easiest way. They are pursuing violence against other people in order to get what they want. These are individuals who believe only to themselves.